2010-6-6学术性硕士学位考试题

发布于:2021-08-03 06:18:40

A
GENERAL ENGLISH QUALIFYING TEST FOR NON-ENGLISH MAJOR GRADUATE STUDENTS

(GET June--06--2010)

考试注意事项
一、 本考试分 A, B 两种试卷, 请考生拿到试卷后在答题卡的试卷类型一栏标

明。如:拿到 A 卷就在试卷类型一栏的字母[A]上划横线,拿到 B 卷在[B]上 划横线。不标明 A、B 卷的试卷将以作废处理。请考生在机读卡的“学号” 请考生在机读卡的“ 请考生在机读卡的 学号” 一栏填涂学 一栏填涂学号。 二、 A、B 卷都分别由两份试卷组成:试卷一 (Paper One) 包括听力理解、词

汇、完形填空与阅读理解四部分,共 80 题,按序号统一编号;试卷二 (Paper Two) 包括翻译与写作两部分,共 3 题。 三、 试卷一(题号 1-80 )为客观评分题,答案一律用中性 2B 铅笔做在机读卡

上, 在对应题号下所选字母中间划黑道。 四、 卷二为主观评分题,答案做在 ANSWER SHEET II 上,答题前,请仔细

阅读试卷二的注意事项。 五、 六、 答案一律写在答题纸上,否则无效。 本考试全部时间为 180 分钟。其中,试卷一为 100 分钟,听力理解部分

的时间以放完录音为准,大约 20 分钟;其余部分所占时间与得分标准标在 试卷上,由考生自行掌握。试卷二为 80 分钟。每部分所占时间均标在试卷 上,考生可自行掌握。考试终了时间一到, 考生一律停笔,将试卷和答案 留在座位上,待监考老师收点无误后,经主考老师宣布本考试结束后方可离 开考场。

1

PAPER

ONE

PART I LISTENING COMPREHENSION (15 points) Section A (1 point each) Directions: In this section you will hear nine short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause, during the pause, you must read the suggested answer marked A, B, C and D and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center. 1. A. The faculty members are very busy and have no time for the regular meal. B. The faculty members are making time to do some physical exercises. C. The faculty members are having a party. D. The faculty members have no time to study economics and management. 2. A. Experimental devices. C. Devices used in classroom. 3. A. Buying a car. C. Buying car parts. B. School facilities. D. Music instruments. B. Car insurance. D. Car repair.

4. A. Giving a lecture on the symptoms of common cold. B. Complaining about his illness. C. Buying some medicine in a drugstore. D. Discussing the scientific discoveries in medicine. 5. A. Taking a test. C. Seasonal sports. 6. A. Allen has a lot of money. B. Allen’s money is in adequate. C. Allen will have a lot of money soon.
2

B. Ways to save time. D. A plan for a vacation.

D. Allen is not a qualified applicant. 7. A. He did go to the concert. B. He had an English class. C. He prepared for the English test. D. He took an English examination. 8. A. He is in the United States. B. He is in Japan. C. He is in France. D. He is in Europe. 9. A. The man is so tired that he cannot drive. B. The man is tired of driving. C. The man’s car is in the garage so he can’t drive. D. There is no need for the man to drive since his wife is not home. Section B (1 point each) Directions: In this section, you will hear two short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the question will be spoken only once. After you hear one question, you must choose the answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D. Then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center. Questions 10—12 are based on the following passage: 10. A. The owner of the apartment. B. The apartment manager. C. The tenant who occupies the apartment now. D. The door keeper of the apartment. 11. A. In a house. B. In a hotel. C. In a two-bedroom apartment. D. In a three bedroom apartment. 12. A. Because she thought the apartment was too small. B. Because she had more than two children.
3

C. Because the rent was too high. D. Because her husband has not seen it. Questions 13—15 are based on the following passage: 13. A. Salt and chili. B. Oregano and ketchup. C. Pepper and ketchup D. garlic and salt. 14. A. Americans eat too many vegetables. B. Americans should eat more beef. C. Fatty beef is good for us. D. Americans eat too much beef. 15. A. American food is dull and tasteless. B. American food has fewer spices besides salt, pepper and ketchup. C. Americans have different kinds of food served at meals. D. Americans prefer well-seasoned beef.

PART II

VOCABULARY (10 points)

Section A ( 0.5 point each) Directions: In this section there are ten sentences, each with one word or phrase underlined. Choose the one from the four choices marked A, B, C and D that best keeps the meaning of the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center. 16. President Roosevelt's words turned the sinking of the American fleet at Pearl Harbor into a national rallying cry instead of a humiliating national scandal. A. discouraging B. disastrous C. disgraceful D. destructive

17. If the population keeps on growing, there will eventually not be enough resources left to sustain life on the earth. A. maintain B. pertain C. retain D. continue

18. Although I tried to concentrate on the lecture, I was distracted by the noise made by the rushing-in girls.
4

A. confused

B.

diverted

C.

attracted

D.

distressed

19. The findings of the two archaeologists threw light on the burial customs of the ancient Egyptians. A. C. paid attention to helped to make clear of B. D. gave faith to gained insight into

20. Chinese enterprise managers and business educators are now exploring the potential of the Global Management Challenge, a simulated business management competition in its third year since it was introduced to China. A. extracting B. extending C. studying D. expanding

21. Immigrants who adapt most quickly usually have a background similar to the new cultural environment and they also plan to remain permanently in the new country. A. everlastingly B. probably C. definitely D. comfortably

22.Though America's frontiers have vanished, the frontier mentality of individualism remains the emotional and philosophical cornerstone of American culture. A. disposed B. destroyed C. disappeared D. discarded

23. In spite of having received unprecedented acclaim from audiences and critics in Europe and South America, the Irish "River Dance" has not performed in the East until now. A. unguided B. unexpected C. unexampled D. unrelieved

24. The next three years will be spent sorting out the more intricate aspects of the Beijing Olympics, such as competition timetables and a system to tabulate results. A. ambitious B. involved C. challenging D. delicate

25..Drinking water contaminated with hazardous substances in some rural areas has aroused major concerns among the government. A. polluted B. dangerous C. accidental D. prohibited

Section B (0.5 point each) Directions: In this section there are ten sentences. Each sentence has something omitted. Choose the word or words from the four choices given to best complete each sentence.
5

26. Time urgency is a_______ of behavior in which a person continually tries to accomplish more than can be humanly accomplished. A. symbol B. symptom C. syndrome D. token

27. The UN Secretary General called for the international community to work out a ______ for the distribution of war refugees. A. scheme B. program C. project D. plot

28. It was a speech to ______ the heart of every true patriot. A. warm B. fuel C. fire D. spark

29. We naturally ______ the name of Charles Darwin with the doctrine of evolution. A. connect B. associate C. conjoin D. affiliate

30. This remarkable girl was sent to me in _____ to my request for a suitable secretary. A. reply B. respect C. regard D. response

31. Horace Greeley did not follow his own famous ____ "Go west, young man." A. maximum B. idea C. maxim D. principle

32. The difference between a counterfeit bill and a genuine one are not immediately ______. A. analyzable B. hospitable C. discernable D. optional

33. When Christopher Columbus first presented his _____ few believed it. A. hypothesis B. framework C. theme

that the earth is round,

D. thesis

34. The public work projects have not significantly ______the unemployment situation. A. facilitated B. modified C. softened D. alleviated

35. The cultural traditions of the invaders slowly _______ the practices of the island dwellers. A. spread B. perpetuated C. permeated D. penetrated

PART III

CLOZE TEST (15 points)
6

Directions: Read the passage through. Then go back and choose one item of suitable word(s) marked A, B, C or D for each blank in the passage. Mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center. During the first two hundred years of their nation's existence (1776—1976) Americans were never forced to change their great optimism about wealth and abundance. They __36___it as an ever-expanding pie. believe that the rich take a __37____ piece. Americans, to grow 39 38 In other countries people

piece of the pie and the poor get a smaller

, have believed that their economic pie would just continue 40

all people could get a bigger piece of a bigger pie. This

was based on the early experience that as the new nation grew, the pie of wealth and abundance grew at an even faster 41 new western lands were 42 In the 1800s the nation grew in size as

and became states. In the 1900s, when the

continent had been settled, Americans invented new products and techniques of production 43 continued to make the pie larger and larger. 45 44 these

circumstances, Americans came to believe that their heritage of as far as they could see into the future.

would last

The belief in an everlasting heritage of abundance had many good effects. It made Americans a (n) 46 people with confidence that human problems could be 47 the rich and poor which has torn many

solved. It greatly reduced the conflict older nations 48

. Perhaps most important, the belief in an always growing 49 as freedom, self-reliance, 50

abundance gave strong support to such basic national

equality of opportunity, competition, and hard work. It seemed to Americans their high standard of living was a reward for practicing these values.

36. A. 37. A. 38. A. 39 A

viewed finer likewise so that

B. B.

believed larger B. moreover B in case

C. C.

looked better

D. thought D.sweeter D. however D such that

C whereas C that

7

40 A. 41 A. 42. A. 43. A. 44 A 45 A 46. A. 47 A 48. A. 49 A. 50 A

expansion speed populated which In culture outgoing between aside .values that

B. expectation B. scale B. settled B. in which B Under B history B. pessimistic B both B. across B. features B which

C extension . C ratio C inhabited C by which . C At C abundance C friendly C among C away C morals C where

D. expedition D. rate D. developed D. in that D For D tradition D. optimistic D with D. apart D. lives D how

PART IV READING COMPREHENSION (30 points) Directions: In this part of the test, there are five short passages for you to read. Read each passage carefully, and hen do the questions that follow. Choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D and then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center. Passage One Peng Gonglin wasn't an important man. He lived in a bare concrete house in a small village of Deng Zhuang where women stoop beside ponds to scrub clothes in buckets and the men often harvest crops by hand. When his rice fields came up empty last October, Peng had no influence and little cash. The 43-year-old farmer had spent almost all of his family's savings and borrowed more to lease the land and buy seeds. County experts in the central province of Henan tested the seeds he'd planted and determined that he'd been sold inferior goods. Peng begged for financial or legal help from the local agricultural bureau and its county seed station.

8

He took what remained of his family's money and tried to bribe two local officials to intervene. They accepted the meals, massages and prostitutes, but they did nothing in return, according to a letter he later wrote. Finally, on March 29 he returned to the county seed station to plead once more. Men there beat Peng about the head until he went home, humiliated. Facing financial ruin, he carried out one last act of protest. Early the next morning, Peng Gonglin's body was found hanging at the seed station. The story of Peng's lonely suicide reveals the pitfalls beneath the glossy surface of China's booming economy. Ordinary Chinese who've been cheated or defrauded, especially in rural areas, find themselves trapped in neo-feudal conditions with no protection beyond the mercy of corrupt officials. Outsiders are sometimes baffled by the emphasis Chinese leaders put on order and harmony, and their crushing response to any signs of unrest. From the turmoil in a village such as Deng Zhuang, though, it's clear that the nation sits uneasily on deep social fault lines. 51.People like Peng Gonglin _______. A. B. C. D. live simple and humble life try to bribe officials have no land and have to lease from others hate the officials

52.What happened to the seeds Peng Gonglin had bought? A. B. C. D. They were tested inferior. They were illegal. They were cheated. They were too expensive.

53.He bribed local officials hoping that _______. A. they may help him get financial compensation or legal aid B. they may accept the meals, massages and prostitutes C. they may interfere the affair D. they may offer plea for him 54. Which of the following statements is NOT the reason of Peng Gonglin’s suicide? A. He was beaten by the men at the seed station and felt humiliated.
9

B. It was his final cry for protest in the face of financial ruin. C. The desperation was beyond his psychological endurance. D. He feared that his bribe may be discovered. 55. Peng's lonely suicide reveals that _______. A. the ordinary people seize neo-feudal conditions B. the ordinary people can get protection if the corrupt officials ignore them C. there are social problems under the fast developing economy D. people baffle the emphasis on order and harmony,
Passage Two

It has often been my fate—perhaps the expatriate's fate in general, perhaps merely the self-hater's—to be against things. As an American, I have frequently seemed anti-American; as an educated person, I'm often anti-intellectual. When I taught at Harvard, I was anti-Harvard. All of those make me, I suppose, a rather good European, since Europeans are, at heart, suspicious of every form of belonging, and great believers in the non-conformist life. These days more than ever, Europeans seem to harbor immense suspicious, if not disdain, toward the US as former Russian President Mikhail Gorbachev put it recently in the Washington Post, "The world doesn't want to be American." Indeed, here in Europe, many citizens tremble at the very thought. Why? Aside, of course, from the facile and one-dimensional explanation of jealousy, isn't the rest of the free and not-so-free world bursting at the seams to be like the citizens of the country that brought us life, liberty and—that anthem of the modern age—the pursuit of happiness? One reason, it occurs to me, is simple and yet profound: America lacks charm. My sister-in-law, a single French welfare mother who lives in a beautiful provincial village with four boys between 4 and 18, all at home, seems to me, despite her difficulties, to have more charm in her life—the weekly trips to the market, the occasional glass of red wine, the tilted roofs and stone walls of the village itself—than many a millionaire in my great home state of Texas. (How horrible! the Puritan mind claims, a welfare mother with a glass of wine! In France, however, even welfare mothers are entitled to the occasional red wine. ) And my impoverished sister-in-law, unlike so many of those millionaires, knows, in the words of Guy de Maupassant, how "to be charming with nothing at all". 56.The title that best expresses the ideas of this passage is _____ . A. The Charming and Suspicious Europeans B. A Charming French Welfare Mother C. The Charming Life in a French Village D. America Loses the Charm War 57.From the passage, what kind of person can we assume the author is? A. Jealous. B. Profound. C. Non-conformist. D. Traditional. 58.According to the author, how are the attitudes changing towards America? A. Europeans have always seemed anti-American.
10

B. Europeans no longer treat America as a role model. C. Europeans increasingly try to emulate American ideas. D. Europeans have their own style, so nothing has changed. 59. Which of the following opinions can be inferred from the passage? A. The author thinks "welfare mothers" should never drink red wine. B. The author thinks "welfare mothers" should occasionally drink red wine. C. The author thinks "welfare mothers" have the right to drink red wine. D. The author thinks only rich mothers have the right to drink red wine. 60. What does the author find most charming in the French village? A. Simple things but not extravagant. B. The pursuit of happiness. C. The beautiful village scenery. D. The villagers', sense of belonging. Passage Three Business institutions have more prestige in American society than any other kind of organization, including the government. Most Americans believe, for example, that businesses are more efficient and better-run than the federal government. Why do business institutions possess this great prestige? One reason is that Americans view business as being more firmly based on the ideal of competition than other institutions in society. Since competition is seen as the major source of progress and prosperity by most Americans, competitive business institutions are respected. Competition is not only good in itself; it is the means by which other basic American values such as individual freedom, equality of opportunity, and hard work are protected. Competition protects the freedom of the individual by ensuring that there is no monopoly power. In contrast to one, all-powerful government, many businesses compete against each other for profits. Theoretically, if one business tries to take unfair advantage of its customers, it will lose to a competing business that treats its customers more fairly. Where businesses compete for the customers' dollar, they cannot afford to give them inferior products or poor services. Competition in business is also believed to strengthen the ideal of equality of opportunity. Americans compare business competition to a race open to all, where success and status go to the swiftest person, regardless of social class background. Business competition is also seen by most Americans as encouraging hard work. If two business people are competing against each other, the one who works harder is likely to win. The one who spends less time and effort is likely to lose. Because business people must continually compete against each other, they must develop the habit of hard work in order not to fail. Americans are aware that business institutions often do not live up to the ideals of competition and the support of freedom, equality of opportunity, and hard work. Americans sometimes distrust the motives of business people, believing that they are
11

capable of putting profit before product safety, or a cleaner environment. Therefore, most Americans believe businesses need some government regulation, although they may disagree on how much. Even with these flaws, however, most Americans believe that business comes closer than other institutions to carrying out competition and other basic values in daily practice. 61. In the United States, business has great prestige because _______ . A. Americans think it is the only way for a person to become rich B. Americans believe it supports ideals and values that are important to the country C. Americans feel they benefit more from business institutions than from other institutions in society D. Americans think it is more difficult to succeed in business than in other fields 62. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Many Americans believe that businesses are more efficient and better-run than the federal government. B. Americans believe competition among businesses is good for the economy. C. Americans see competition as a means to protect other basic American values. D. Americans think competition among businesses is good in itself, but does little to protect the freedom of the individual. 63. Competition among businesses can result in _______. A. harm to equality of opportunity B. monopoly power C. an all-powerful government D. superior products and services 64. To succeed in American business, people believe that _______. A. family background and social position are more important than anything else B. they have to take unfair advantage of customers in order to make more profit C. they must develop the habit of hard work in order to win D. they have to put profit before product safety or a cleaner environment 65. This passage can be entitled ______ . A. the Prestige of Business and the Ideal of Competition B. the Characteristics of American Business C. Competition: A Major Source of Progress and Prosperity D. Business Institutions Vs. Federal Government Passage Four Cars account for half the oil consumed in the U.S., about half the urban pollution and one fourth the greenhouse gases. They take a similar toll of resources in other industrial nations and in the cities of the developing world. As vehicle use continues
12

to increase in the coming decade, the U.S. and other countries will have to deal with these issues or else face unacceptable economic, health-related and political costs. It is unlikely that oil prices will remain at their current low level or that other nations will accept a large and growing U.S. contribution to global climatic change. Policymakers and industry have four options: reduce vehicle use, increase the efficiency and reduce the emissions of conventional gasoline-powered vehicles, switch to less harmful fuels, or find less polluting driving systems. The last of these — in particular the introduction of vehicles powered by electricity — is ultimately the only sustainable option. The other alternatives are attractive in theory but in practice are either impractical or offer only marginal improvements. For example, reduced vehicle use could solve traffic problems and a host of social and environmental problems, but evidence from around the world suggests that it is very difficult to make people give up their cars to any significant extent. In the U.S., mass-transit ridership and carpooling have declined since World War II . Even in western Europe, with fuel prices averaging more than $ 1 a liter (about $ 4 a gallon) and with easily accessible mass transit and dense populations, cars still account for 80 percent of all passenger travel. Improved energy efficiency is also appealing, but automotive fuel economy has barely made any progress in 10 years. Alternative fuels such as natural gas, burned in internal-combustion engines, could be introduced at relatively low cost, but they would lead to only marginal reductions in pollution and greenhouse emissions (especially because oil companies are already spending billions of dollars every year to develop less polluting types of gasoline) . 66. From the passage we know that the increased use of cars will ______. A. consume half of the oil produced in the world B. have serious consequences for the well-being of all nations C. widen the gap between the developed and developing countries D. impose an intolerable economic burden on residents of large cities 67. The U.S. has to deal with the problems arising from vehicle use because ______. A. most Americans are reluctant to switch to public transportation systems B. the present level of oil prices is considered unacceptable C. other countries will protest its increasing greenhouse emissions D. it should take a lead in conserving natural resources 68. Which of the following is the best solution to the problems mentioned in the passage? A. The designing of highly efficient car engines. B. A reduction of vehicle use in cities. C. The development of electric cars. D. The use of less polluting fuels. 69. Which of the following is practical but only makes a marginal contribution to
13

solving the problem of greenhouse emissions? A. The use of fuels other than gasoline. B. Improved energy efficiency. C. The introduction of less polluting driving .systems. D. Reducing car use by carpooling. 70. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. The decline of public transportation accounts for increased car use in western Europe . B. Cars are popular in western Europe even though fuel prices are fairly high. C. The reduction of vehicle use is the only sustainable option in densely populated western Europe. D. Western European oil companies cannot sustain the cost of developing new-type fuels. Passage Five With the possible exception of equal rights, perhaps the most controversial issue across the United States today is the death penalty. Many argue that it is an effective deterrent to murder, while others maintain there is no convincing evidence that the death penalty reduces the number of murders. The principal argument advanced by those opposed to the death penalty, basically, is that it is cruel and inhuman punishment, that it is the mark of a brutal society, and finally that it is of questionable effectiveness as a deterrent to crime anyway. In our opinion, the death penalty is a necessary evil. Throughout recorded history there have always been those extreme individuals in every society who were capable of terribly violent crimes such as murder. But some are more extreme than others. For example, it is one thing to take the life of another in a fit of blind rage, but quite another to coldly plot and carry out the murder of one or more people in the style of a butcher. Thus, murder, like all other crimes, is a matter of relative degree. While it could be argued with some conviction that the criminal in the first instance should be merely isolated from society, such should not be the fate of the latter type murderer. The value of the death penalty as a deterrent to crime may be open to debate. But the overwhelming majority of citizens believe that the death penalty protects them. Their belief is reinforced by evidence which shows that the death penalty deters murder. For example, from 1954 to 1963, when the death penalty was consistently imposed in California, the murder rate remained between three and four murders for each 100 000 population. Since 1964 the death penalty has been imposed only once, and the murder rate has risen to 10. 4 murders for each 100 000 population. The sharp climb in the state's murder rate, which began when executions stopped, is no coincidence . It is convincing evidence that the death penalty does deter many murderers. If the bill reestablishing the death penalty is vetoed , innocent people will be murdered—some whose lives may have been saved if the death penalty were in effect.
14

This is literally a life or death matter. The lives of thousands of innocent people must be protected. 71. The principal purpose of this passage is to ___ . A. speak for the majority B. initiate a veto C. criticize the government D. argue for the value of the death penalty 72. The passage attempts to establish a relationship between ______. A. the murder rate and the imposition of the death penalty B. the effects of execution and the effects of isolation C. the importance of equal rights and that of the death penalty D. executions and murders 73. The author's response to those who urge the death penalty for all degrees of murder would most likely be _____. A. negative B. friendly C. supportive D. hostile 74. In the passage the author is primarily concerned with ______. A. analyzing a problem objectively B. settling a dispute C. supporting a position D. describing an event 75. It can be inferred that the author thinks that ____ . A. the death penalty is the most controversial issue in the United States today B. the second type murderers (in Paragraph 4) should be sentenced to death C. the veto of the bill reestablishing the death penalty is of little importance D. the value of the death penalty as a deterrent to crime is not to be debated Passage Six Visual impairment carries with it a reduced or restricted ability to travel through one's physical and social environment until adequate orientation and mobility skills have been established. Because observational skills are more limited, self-control within the immediate surroundings is limited. The visually impaired person is less able to anticipate hazardous situations or obstacles to avoid. Orientation refers to the mental map one has of one's surrounding and to the relationship between self and that environment. The mental map is best generated by moving through the environment and piecing together relationships, object by object, in an organized approach. With little or no visual feedback to reinforce this mental map, a visually impaired person must rely on memory for key landmarks and other clues. Landmarks and clues enable visually impaired persons to affirm their position
15

in space. Mobility, on the other hand, is the ability to travel safely and efficiently from one point to another within one's physical social environment. Good orientation skill are necessary to good mobility skill. Once visually impaired students learn to travel safely as pedestrians they also need to learn to use public transportation to become as independent as possible. To meet the expanding needs and demands of the visually impaired person, there is a sequence of instruction that begins during the preschool year and may continue after high school. Many visually impaired children lack adequate concepts regarding time and space or objects and events in their environment. During the early years much attention is focused on the development of some fundamental concepts, such as inside or outside, in front of or behind, fast or slow movement of traffic, the variety or intersections, elevators or escalators, and so forth. These concepts are essential to safe, efficient travel through familiar and unfamiliar settings, first within buildings, then in residential neighborhoods, and finally in business communities. 76. How can we increase the visually impaired person's ability to travel through his physical and social environment? A. By helping him develop adequate orientation and mobility skills. B. By teaching him to learn observational skills. C. By warning him of hazardous situations or obstacles. D. By improving his visual ability. 77. The visually impaired person's position in space ___ . A. is not determined by memory but by physical landmarks and clues B. is located in relation to other items in his mental map C. enables him to construct the mental map D. reinforces the mental map of his surroundings 78. Mobility skill which the visually impaired person is learning after the ability ______. A. to travel as a dependent tourist B. to travel as a pedestrian and a passenger C. to travel as a pedestrian with a company D. to travel within the safe physical and social environment 79. In the passage, the author insists that _____ . A. visually impaired children go to school for survival B. the needs and demands of visually impaired children expand C. visually impaired children acquire the fundamental concepts for safe mobility D. preschool children receive the instruction in the concepts of time and space or objects and events 80. What is the author mainly talking about in the passage?
16

A. B. C. D.

Visual impairment and memory. The visually impaired person's physical and social environment. Mental development of the visually impaired person. Orientation and mobility of the visually impaired person.

PAPER TWO
PART V TRANSLATION ( 20 points) Section A (10 points) Directions: Put the following paragraph into Chinese. Write your Chinese version on Answer Sheet. A recent survey conducted by Beijing-based Horizon Research, though by no means comprehensive, should sound alarms that China and India need to do more to deepen mutual understanding, especially at the people-to-people level. According to the survey, 45 percent of Chinese view India favorably, while 43 percent of Indian respondents view China as a partner. More disturbingly, most Chinese still perceive India, along with the US and Japan, as posing the most threat to China. Similarly, there is ample evidence that a considerable number of Indians do hold suspicion and even hostility toward China. In recent years, the two largest developing countries have both undergone profound social changes while coping with the changing international situation. The West-dominated media machine has also amplified disputes and fuels resentment between us. All that has sowed the seeds of misunderstanding 参考译文 参考译文
北京的新视野研究中心最*作的一项调查虽然不够全面,但应该给中国和印度敲响警钟 ——两国需要做更多的努力加深两国人民的相互了解。根据这项调查,45%的中国人对印度 持有好感,而 43%的印度人认为中国是印度的伙伴。令人不安的是,很多中国人认为印度 与美国和日本一样,对中国构成最大的威胁。同样,许多证据充分显示相当多的印度人对中 国持有怀疑甚至敌视。*年来,这两个最大的发展中国家在应对复杂的国际形势的同时,都 经历了深刻的社会变革。但是,以西方为主导的媒体机制夸大了我们两国间的争端,点燃我 们的仇恨。这一切都播种了误解的种子。

17

Section B (10 points) Directions: Put the following paragraph into English. Write your English version on the Answer Sheet. 新一代的农民工已不如他们父辈那样吃苦耐劳, 这一代出生在小城镇或农村 的青年工人,是中国历史上最大规模的进城群体。他们已经离开了生养他们的那 个环境,原来熟悉的故乡再不可能为他们提供心灵的庇护,他们必须在新的环境 中重新找到位置,开始正常的社会人的生活。

参考译文 The new generation of migrating workers is not as enduring and hard-working as their parents. Born in small towns or rural areas, these young workers form the largest group who rush and work in cities in Chinese history. They have left the environment where they grew and were brought up/ raised, the familiar hometown can no longer be their soul harbors. They have to adjust themselves in the new environment and begin the normal life as social persons/ beings.

PART VI

WRITING (10 points)

According to statistics, nearly one out of every four people in China will be older than 65 by the year 2050. Chinese family planning policies have helped prevent 400
18

million births in the past three decades. However, the aging trend is irreversible(不可 逆转) in China. What problems will the aging of population bring? What measures should we take to deal with the problem? Write an essay of approximately 150 words entitled The Aging Problem in China.

19


相关推荐

最新更新

猜你喜欢